- Posted by MCRC Staff
- On November 26, 2019
In (OT) Occupational Therapy, we help children perform all activities they complete in their day. This can mean not only able to perform a task, but be able to perform the task in the most efficient way possible.
Here are some treatments that are a part of Occupational Therapy sessions.
Myofascial Release: Involves applying gentle sustained pressure into restrictions in the body’s connective tissue to allow the body to move. Restricted tissue can have a “straight-jacket” type effect on the body, making it difficult to move.
Posture and Stability: If the body is not stable or positioned appropriately, the child will have difficulty carrying out daily activities. For example, if a child’s pelvis is tilted backward, they will not be able to breathe well or reach well.
Reflex Integration: Primitive reflexes are automatic movements directed from the brain. They are needed for survival and proper development. As maturation occurs, these reflexes start to adapt and integrate. If a reflex is not integrated and is retained then it causes possible difficulties. Dysfunction could manifest in poor handwriting, decreased attention/ focus, poor balance/coordination and unfortunately much more.
Visual Perception: “Visual perception is how the brain processes what it sees.
Visual perception is a very broad term. Here is a basic rundown of some of the categories so you can get a general understanding.
- Visual Discrimination: This is the ability to notice and compare the features of an item to match or distinguish it from another item; distinguishing a P from an R, matching shapes to complete a puzzle, etc.
- Visual Figure Ground: This is the ability to find something in a busy background; finding the red crayon in a messy supply box, or finding the milk in a packed fridge, as well as finding a bit of specific text on a busy printed page.
- Visual Memory: This is the ability to remember something that you saw once it is taken away; remembering the line you read on the board as you look down to write it, or picturing the notes you studied last night when taking the test the next day.
- Visual Sequencing: This is the ability to distinguish the order of symbols, letters or words on a page; writing the notes without reversing any of the letter or words, etc.
- Visual Closure: This is the ability to know what an object is when you can only see part of it; recognizing a word when you only see a part of it, recognizing a picture by looking at half of it
- Visual Spatial Awareness: This is the ability to understand where objects are in relation to each other; spacing letters and words correctly, understanding maps and graphs, understanding personal space.
- Visual Motor Coordination (aka Visual Motor Integration): This is the ability to coordinate the information that your eyes see with movement from other parts of your body. Most of the time, visual motor skills are referring to handwriting. However, it really refers to eye-hand coordination, which is required to catch and throw, drive a car, learn hopscotch, etc”.
Sensory: “Everyone knows what the five senses are; taste, touch, smell, hear, and see. Did you know that there are actually two more senses? Vestibular function is a person’s sense of balance and proprioception is a person’s sense of where their body is. Without any awareness on our part, our brain effortlessly processes the information from all of these senses to help us do what we need to do and get where we are going. When a child has a significant amount of difficulty processing all the sensory information appropriately in order to function appropriately, then it is a sensory issue”.
Strength and Coordination: Without adequate strength, difficulty may be seen in everyday completion of tasks. Increasing shoulder, arm, hand, finger strength and ability to coordinate those body parts are essential for daily functions.